Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic treatment is a procedure used to treat tooth with infection along the tooth pulp chamber and root canal. Removing the infected tissue, cleaning and disinfecting the pulp chamber and the root canal help restore the tooth. If infection is not treated soon, this will progressively destroy the nerves of the tooth and damages the tooth permanently. Root canal treatment is a painless, but it requires several visits for the treatment.
Another reason for root canal treatment is to restore damaged pulp caused by trauma or a fractured tooth.
An infection in the pulp can affect the bone around the tooth. This can cause an abscess to form. The goal of root canal treatment is to save the tooth by removing the infected or damaged pulp, treating any infection, and filling the empty root canals with a material called gutta percha.
Signs & Symptoms
Sometimes the signs and symptoms are not readily obvious. However, most patients tend to have severe toothache, especially when chewing and when teeth get too sensitive when eating cold or hot food. Overtime, the tooth shows black discoloration, gums are swollen and tooth is weakened. These are primary signs for tooth pulp and root canal inflammation. When this happens, this should not be left untreated for long. You need to see a dentist immediately.
Care is needed on the tooth that has just been treated as it is still in the process of healing. Due to less amount of dentin, tooth is easier to break. During treatment, fillings are only temporary and may not be as durable, if filling falls out, patient has to return to the dentist immediately, even without prior appointment. The bacteria may enter into the tooth being treated. If the tooth is treated properly and infection is completely treated, then the tooth has a chance to last for a long time. Proper oral hygiene is very important, and a regular visit to the dentist must be maintained to prevent future problems to the treated tooth.